The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline project was inaugurated by leaders of four countries in January 2016. The work on the Turkmenistan section of the project was completed on Friday.
The 1,814-kilometer gas pipeline will pass through Afghanistan to Pakistan and India. At least 816 kilometers of the pipeline will pass through the territory of Afghanistan.
The pipeline passes through Herat, Farah, Nimroz, Helmand and Kandahar provinces of Afghanistan.
In Afghanistan, the TAPI pipeline will be constructed alongside the Kandahar–Herat Highway in western Afghanistan, and then via Quetta and Multan in Pakistan.
The final destination of the pipeline will be the Indian town of Fazilka, near its border with Pakistan.
The project will cost $22.5 billion USD.
The project will be completed by 2019, according to President Ashraf Ghani’s Office.
The project is implemented by the TAPI Limited Company – a group of firms from Afghanistan and Turkmenistan including Afghan Gas Enterprise, Turkmen Gas State Company, and two private companies from Afghanistan.
Afghanistan’s Share From TAPI
Afghanistan is expected to earn more than $400 million USD in transit duties annually from the project.
According to President Ghani’s Office, the project will create thousands of job opportunities for Afghans.
Afghanistan will annually get 500 million cubic meters of gas from the project in the first ten years. The amount will increase to one billion cubic meters of gas in the following ten years and 1.5 billion cubic meters of gas in the third 10 years after the completion of the project.
Other Projects Included In TAPI
The TAPI project was recently changed into a collective of other projects which will be implemented alongside this key initiative for Afghanistan.
The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan 500 kilovolts Line (TAP-500) will transfer Turkmenistan’s electricity to Pakistan through Afghanistan.
According to President Ghani’s Office, Afghanistan is expected to earn $110 million USD annually from the TAP project.
During this period, three substations of power will be established in Herat, Farah and Kandahar provinces of Afghanistan.
An optic fiber will also connect regional and neighboring countries under the TAPI project, President Ghani’s Office said.
Another major part of the project is the national and regional railway which connects Pakistan and Turkmenistan through Afghanistan.
Meanwhile, the 13-kilometer railway of Torghundi Port of Afghanistan will be reconstructed by Turkmenistan. This project will cost $10.5 million USD.